Center for Integrated Design

The following list includes research papers, articles and books published by the Integrated Design Lab.  Information contained within these publications is free to use, however, the IDL requests that credit is given when the material is presented to others.

Occupant-Behavior-Driven Energy Savings at the Bullitt Center in Seattle, Washington (2016)

Net-positive-energy buildings achieve performance goals through multiple integrated strategies incorporating technologies, systems, and human behavior. This paper examines the energy performance of the Bullitt Center in Seattle, WA and in particular looks at energy use that is influenced by occupant decisions. Specifically, how daily decisions around energy conserving actions—in this case the use of the…

Metered Energy Efficiency Transaction Structure in Ultra-Efficient New Construction: Pay-For-Performance at the Bullitt Center in Seattle, WA (2016)

The Metered Energy Efficiency Transaction Structure (MEETS) is an unprecedented approach designed to achieve deep energy efficiency improvements in commercial buildings. Seattle City Light piloted MEETS in Seattle’s Bullitt Center, yielding extraordinary energy savings to date. This paper explains how the program operates, how the baseline for a new building was modeled, and how the…

Building User Audit: Capturing Behavior, Energy, and Culture (2016)

This paper describes the Building User Audit Procedure (BUAP), an analysis tool developed by the University of Washington to understand how people impact energy use patterns in campus buildings. Tools like the BUAP are important because they can better capture cultural and behavioral factors that influence pro-environmental behavior such as users’ values, beliefs and attitudes;…

The Bullitt Center Experience: The Light Dynamic – Measured Performance of Lighting and Daylight Systems (2016)

The Bullitt Center’s lighting system was designed to consume 67% less energy than current similar‐sized code‐compliant Seattle office buildings. To measure lighting performance, the IDL monitors and evaluates daylighting, electric lighting, and lighting controls system performance data. Findings are presented in this paper. Meek C, Gilbride M, Ojaama H, Norwood W. (2016) The Bullitt Center…

Health in the Built Environment: Testing Health Impacts of Green Buildings (2016)

This publication uses the Bullitt Center – the world’s greenest commercial building – as a pilot project to develop and implement methodologies for collecting data on buildings and building occupants related to health impacts at the building scale. These data include testing how the building impacts 1) physical activity 2) indoor environmental quality, and 3)…

High Performance Buildings: Building Change (2016)

This article provides an inside look into the Bullitt Center more than two years into its operation, as it achieves positive energy use, challenges regulatory hurdles in pursuit of using harvested rainwater as its water source, and raisesthe sustainability bar as it seeks to live up to its moniker as “The Greenest Office Building in the World.”…

Living Proof: The Bullitt Center (2014)

In Living Proof: The Bullitt Center Robert B. Peña chronicles the Bullitt Center’s transition from one man’s vision to six-story living exemplar of urban sustainability. Through this high performance building case study, Peña describes the project’s origins, the integrated design approach, building and project performance, and lessons learnt from the design and construction process. Produced…

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Health Impacts of Green Buildings (2014)

The built environment impacts health in multiple dimensions, from large infrastructure to the microscopic molecules and organisms that are not seen or perceived in daily life. In light of the complex interaction between various health-related impacts of the built environment, this publication has taken a multi-disciplinary approach using the Bullitt Center as a pilot project to…

LD+A: Mystery through Daylight (2013)

This article is excerpted from Daylighting Design in the Pacifi c Northwest (2012). The projects featured in the book represent what the IDL thinks are the best daylighting efforts in the current wave of sustainable design practice in the Pacific Northwest. They were selected because each presents new knowledge about synthesizing the light of place with…

Daylighting Design In The Pacific Northwest (2012)

In addition to conserving energy, the use of daylight in architecture can be a powerful aesthetic tool. The effective employment of natural lighting is an important component of sustainable design, and some of the best work in this area comes from the Northwest. This practice-based book focuses on fourteen projects ranging from schools to community…

Targeting 100! NIH Sustainable Labs Poster

LD+A: A Guide to Daylighting Success (2011)

This article provides an overview on a free web-based design resource for the implementation of proven daylighting design strategies in commercial buildings. The Daylighting Pattern Guide (http://patternguide.advancedbuildings.net/) provides building designers, owners and students a platform to explore the relationships between sky, site, building aperture and space planning. This interactive resource uses a combination of real-world built…

Advanced Daylighting Guide – Daylighting Examples (2010)

Targeting 100! 2010 Pacific Northwest Full Report

This research, Targeting 100!, provides a conceptual framework and decision-making structure at a schematic design level of precision for hospital owners, architects and engineers to radically reduce energy use in hospitals. Following the goals of Architecture 2030 and The 2030 Challenge, it offers access to design strategies and the cost implications of those strategies for…

Dynamic Solar Shading and Glare Control for Human Comfort (2010)